The word “laparoscopy” simply means visual examination of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope. A laparoscope is tiny telescope like instrument inserted into the abdomen through the navel to view the interior of the peritoneal cavity.
The advantages of laparoscopic surgery –
- Greater precision because of the magnification of the operative field.
- Diminished blood loss.
- Tiny incisions rather than opening the entire abdomen.
- Less post-operative pain and discomfort.
- Fewer complications.
- Shorter hospital stay.
- Quicker recovery time.
Generally, the patient is discharged within 23 hours of surgery and is able to resume light ton normal duties after one week.
Colonoscopy is a test that allows your doctor to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon). A colonoscopy helps find ulcers, colon polyps, tumors, and areas of inflammation or bleeding. During a colonoscopy, tissue samples can be collected (biopsy) and abnormal growths can be taken out.
Colonoscopy is also used as a screening test to check for cancer or precancerous growths in the colon or rectum (polyps).
An endoscopy involves examining the inside of a person’s upper digestive tract using an endoscope. An endoscope is a medical device consisting of a long, thin, flexible (or rigid) tube which has a light and a video camera. ../images of the inside of the patient’s body can be seen on a screen. The whole endoscopy is recorded so that doctors can check it again.
- Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding.
- Hysteroscopy is done using a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
- Hysteroscopy can be either diagnostic or operative.
- It is performed during the following uterine conditions:
- Polyps and fibroids — Hysteroscopy is used to remove these non-cancerous growths found in the uterus.
- Septum’s — Hysteroscopy can help determine whether you have a uterine septum, a malformation of the uterus that is present from birth.
- Abnormal Bleeding — Hysteroscopy can help identify the cause of heavy or lengthy menstrual flow, as well as bleeding between periods or after menopause.
Colposcopy is a test to look at the vagina and cervix through a lighted magnifying tool (colposcope). Colposcopy is done to:
- Look at the cervix for problem areas when a Pap test was abnormal. If an area of abnormal tissue is found during colposcopy, a cervical biopsy or a biopsy from inside the opening of the cervix (endocervical canal) is usually done.
- Check a sore or other problem (such as genital warts) found on or around the vagina and cervix.
- Follow up of abnormal areas seen on a previous colposcopy. Colposcopy can also be done to see if treatment for a problem worked.
- Look at the cervix for problem areas if an HPV test shows a high-risk type of HPV is present.
Hysterosalpingography, also called utero salpingography, is an x-ray examination of a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes that uses a special form of x-ray called fluoroscopy and a contrast material. Hysterosalpingography is primarily used to examine women who have difficulty becoming pregnant by allowing the radiologist to evaluate the shape and structure of the uterus, the openness of the fallopian tubes, and any scarring within the uterine or peritoneal (abdominal) cavity.